GDP By Size 2024 Rankings GDP PPP Data

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This is due to Madrid’s focus on specialized production and less reliance on the Ukrainian and Russian economies. Given its population of 84.1 million and its GDP per capita of $9,626.1 in 2021, Turkey has substantial economy growth potential. Like other nations, however, Turkey is facing inflation headwinds that could slow economic growth in the near term.

As was the case in 2019, those in Brazil, India, Kenya and Mexico continue to see the U.S. as the top economy, while those in South Africa and Argentina are about as likely to name the U.S. as they are China. Indonesia stands out for an 8-point decline in the share who considers China the leading economy. The U.S., China, Japan, Germany, and fxcm review India are some of the top economies in the world, based on gross domestic product (GDP). GDP is an estimate of the total value of finished goods and services produced within a country’s borders during a specified period, usually a year. GDP is popularly used to estimate the size of a country’s economy and its impact on the global economy.

  1. Unlike actual GDP, potential GDP cannot be observed directly from the real world.
  2. PwC has projected Brazil to be the fifth largest economy in the world in 2050.
  3. India is the fifth-largest economy in the world, surpassing the United Kingdom.
  4. Germany is the biggest economy in the European Union with an annual nominal GDP of 4.2 trillion US dollars placing it in the fourth position globally.
  5. Turkey has a largely open economy, with large industrial and service sectors.
  6. When an economy is slowing, the growth of the amount of goods and services produced could be slowing or even contracting.
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In recent years, the refugee crisis, Brexit and related challenges provide a challenge to the strength of the economy. Since the 1970s, China has transformed its economic model from a centrally-planned economy to a manufacturing and exporting economy. As a result, China has seen an annual economic growth of 10% annually since 1978. China is the second largest economy in the world with a nominal GDP of 14 trillion US dollars. Sweden is a Scandinavian country with a GDP of $586 billion in 2022, ranking 24th on our list based on economic data released by the IMF. However, the country is going through recession and the economic outlook for 2023 was described by the Swedish government as ‘gloomy’ in as early as October last year.

The biggest contributor to that GDP is the economy’s service sector, which includes finance, real estate, insurance, professional and business services, and healthcare. India could become the world’s third-largest economy by 2027 with a gross domestic product of $5 trillion, the finance ministry has said. According to the IMF, Mexico is currently undergoing a broad-based expansion, with growth expected to be at 3.2% in 2023. The construction, auto production and service sectors will drive higher growth in one of the largest economies in the world by 2075. It was a fitting end to a year of robust economic growth, defying projections that rising interest rates would tip the economy into recession. This article provides you with the ranked list of world’s top 10 biggest economies in 2023 by their GDP and per capita income, and how the ranking of these countries is prepared.

Countries with positive growth rates are shaded in green; countries with negative growth rates, orange. To view changes over time, adjust the date using the slider at the top left of the map. You can also view each country’s historical growth data on the chart below the map by using the drop-down menu. In most of the of eight middle-income countries surveyed, at least half say investment from China has benefited their country’s economy. People in the three African countries surveyed are particularly enthusiastic about investment from China. About two-thirds or more in each country consider Chinese investment a benefit to their domestic economy, including at least a third who say the investment has benefited their economy a great deal.

Japan is the third largest economy in the world representing about 6 percent of the total global economy at a nominal GDP of 5.1 trillion US dollars. European countries occupy the three other consecutive spots in the top ten with Germany, France, and the United Kingdom taking up fourth, fifth and sixth position respectively. India, Brazil, Italy, and Canada complete the top ten spots of the largest economies in the world.

Largest Economies in the World in 2023

PwC’s report titled ‘The World in 2050’ has projected that Philippines will be among the 20 largest economies in the world by 2050. The United States is the largest economy in the world, which is expected to grow by 1.1% in 2023. China’s GDP growth is forecasted at 5.3%, while Europe’s economies are projected to grow by a mere 0.9% this year.


While the country had a GDP of $255.1 billion in 2004, Poland had a GDP of $674.05 billion in 2021 given substantial economic growth. Given its geography and membership in the EU, Belgium is the host country to the EU and NATO headquarters. Considering its developed economy, Belgium has a GDP per capita of $51,767.79 for 2021. This tracker charts the economic growth performance through time of ninety-one countries around the globe. Argentina’s primary contributor to GDP is the industrial sector, followed by services and then agriculture. Its industries include food processing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, textiles, chemicals, printing, metallurgy, and steel.

As a result of its innovation leadership, the country has a GDP per capita of $51,430.08 and an overall GDP of $481.59 billion in 2021. Nominal GDP is the value of all the finished goods and services produced in a country in a year based on current prices without adjusting for inflation. The Global Growth Tracker allows you to gauge trends in economic growth through time across the globe.

Italy has the eighth largest economy in the world with a 2021 GDP of $2.1 trillion. Although inflation rose to 12.8% in October, Italy’s government expects GDP to rise 3.3% in 2022 and 0.6% in 2023. Given its substantial land and resources, Russia has the 11th largest economy in the world with a 2021 nominal GDP of $1.78 trillion. The country also has the sixth largest economy in the world by purchasing power parity with a 2021 GDP, PPP of $4.79 trillion in 2021. With the Western sanctions due to the Ukraine Russia war in 2022, however, Russia’s economy is facing headwinds. In recent decades, countries like China have grown in terms of GDP as they have modernized.

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Among those who see China as the world’s leading economic power, Kenyans, Nigerians and Indonesians are most likely to view China’s economic preeminence as good for their country. Over the past three decades, Mexico has emerged as a manufacturing economy under a series of free trade agreements with the United States, Canada, and 50 other countries. Many major U.S. manufacturers have integrated supply chains with counterparts or operations in Mexico. Mexico supports a variety of exports, including consumer electronics, vehicles, and auto parts, as well as petroleum and agricultural products. Canada has a well-developed energy extraction sector, with the world’s third-largest proven oil reserves.

With the economic growth in the country, the central European country’s GDP has more than doubled from 2000 when its economy had a GDP of $197.3 billion. In terms of this year, economists think Austria’s GDP could expand 4.7% before potentially entering into a mild recession next year. In terms of the world’s largest economies, many of the leading economies are countries that are either very developed like Japan or have large populations and resources like India and China. Although there are exceptions, emerging markets tend to have lower nominal GDP than their GDP, PPP. Together, the growth data from each country highlights significant global trends.

Its strong product arranged philosophy has helped the country with investigating monetary hardships and keeping a positive trade balance. As of 2023, the United States maintains its position as the world’s largest economy, with a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of approximately $26.954 trillion. Following the United States, China holds the second spot with a GDP of about $17.786 trillion.

In the US, the strength of the consumer and the ongoing spending spree have so far helped stave off a recession and buoy sentiment. The decision to release several rounds of pandemic stimulus checks and raise unemployment benefits also shows just how willing the US has been to support its people. Brazil is the 10th largest economy in the world, with a GDP of $2.132 trillion.

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